The Yirgacheffe region has developed a reputation for some of the most sought-after coffees in the world. With the river Awash as a rich source of clean water, the combination of high altitude, fertile soils and abundant sunshine provides ideal conditions for arabica coffee cultivation. This coffee is grown at 1800-2200 meters.
The Awash carves through almost 750 miles of Ethiopia's great rift valley, providing a vital water source for millions. In fact Archaeologists believe humans have lived along the river since the dawn of man. Known as "the cradle of humankind", the middle Awash is to some of the most important archaeological discoveries in history, including perhaps the most famous hominid fossil ever found: "Lucy".
In a poetic twist, Ethiopia is also the birthplace of the arabica coffee tree. As farmers began to harvest the wild forest trees of Southern Ethiopia they in turn began to cultivate them on their own land. Nevertheless, much of the coffee in Ethiopia still grows wild and is represented by thousands of different sub-varieties, many of which are cultivated by farmers throughout regions such as Yirgacheffe to this day